What is Dysgraphia?
According to David Sousa in his book, How the Special Needs Brain Works (2007, p. 123), dysgraphia is “a spectrum disorder describing major difficulties in mastering the sequence of movements necessary to write letters and numbers.” This is a neurological disorder that can stem from several causes, including dyslexic dysgraphia, motor disgraphia, and spatial disgraphia.
Students who have dysgraphia may have other learning difficulties, such as dyslexia, sequencing problems, AD/HD, auditory processing disorders, and visual processing disorders. Dysgraphia can be diagnosed, and can be improved. Teachers and parents often label students with dysgraphia as lazy and unmotivated, rather than realizing the true cause of the handwriting (and spelling) problems.
Dr. Virginia Berninger appears to be an expert in this field, and has been cited in the “Understanding Dysgraphia” information provided by the International Dyslexia Association.